JAVA- Java is a computing platform and also a high level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Since then, the language JAVA has been regularly and continuously gets updated with Java 14 or JDK 14 version being the latest version, released on March, 17th 2020.
It is one of the advanced and top programming languages in the modern era by many aspects and measures. Regardless of whether anyone thinks that Java is now stagnating, growing, or dying, one has to admit that Java had truly advanced, revolutionized and had also defined as the programming of 21 st Century. Java has been combined and brought a large number of useful programming language features that were previously available only separately or in various other languages.
With the continuous growing importance of web based application and mobile based applications, Java today is considered to be the foundation for most networked software applications and is considered to be the best and useful for scripting, enterprise software, web-based content, games and mobile applications.
Most of the organizations use Java in one way or the other way. As according to Oracle, more than 3 billion devices run applications designed on the Java development platform. Java is used to design & develop the following applications such as:
Desktop GUI applications
Web applications, including E-Commerce applications, front and back office electronic trading systems, settlement and confirmation systems, data processing projects, and more.
Mobile applications including Android applications
Web servers and application servers
Java is simple, free, distributed, object-oriented, supports multithreading and offers multimedia and network support. Java enables higher cross- functionality and portability as programs written in one platform can run across other desktops, mobiles as well as other embedded systems.
Java is an advanced mature language, therefore it is more stable and predictable. The Java Class Library enables cross- platform development functionality.
Unlike C and C++, Java programs are compiled independent of platform in bytecode language that allows the same program to run over any machine that is having a JVM installed in it.
As a highly popular at embedded, enterprise, and network level, Java is having a large active user community and support features available.
Relatively seamless forward compatibility feature is also available from one version to the next Java is having many powerful development IDE tools like Eclipse SDK and NetBeans which are having debugging capability and offer combined integrated development environment.
Increasing the language diversity, which are evidenced by compatibility of Java with Scala, JRuby, Groovy, and Clojure.
Java is uniquely developed to reach the most benefits of automated refactoring ideas by a pure chance. The original Java language design does neither include any kind of macro system nor the preprocessor because of the desired simplicity and cross-platformness. This design turned out to be a gold and made Java language exceedingly well suitable and suited to safe and automated refactoring in IDE.